Madam Nhu: The Passing of the ‘Dragon Lady’

First off, one must express condolence to the recent passing of Madam Nhu.  She is a human being and, as such, deserves as much respect upon her death as any other human being.  Why must we speak of respect at the beginning of this article?  Well, as the wife of a prominent South Vietnamese politician, Ngo Dinh Nhu, Lady Nhu was not the most humble of people.  If you have ever wondered why President Ngo Dinh Diem was branded as an oppressive anti-Buddhist, Madam Nhu is part of the reason why.

Tran Le Xuan (Madam Nhu) was known for her sharp tongue and shrill personality.  Known as the ‘Dragon Lady,’ Xuan would often express her harsh points of views in the most vulgar of ways.  Madam Nhu never hesitated to publicly bash the Buddhist population, making discriminatory remarks, and belittle the people of the religion.  She shamelessly labelled the self immolations of the Buddhist monks as ‘barbecues,’ lauding that she would willingly clap her hands as she watches them burn.

To call Tran Le Xuan an outspoken political figure would be an understatement.  Aside from her blatant disrespect for the Buddhist population, Madam Nhu liked to bash anything or anyone that she did not agree with.  Her targets included the American media, domestic politicians, and even the president himself.  As a result, she became a lighting rod for western journalists, providing them with much ammunition to degrade the image of South Vietnam.  Madam Nhu’s words and actions would be widely publicized, used by the media to further ruin the reputation of president Ngo Dinh Diem.

To better understand the circumstances of Ngo Dinh Diem, the First President of South Vietnam, one must look at his family.  Diem himself did little to discriminate againt the Buddhist population as a whole.  In reality, it was the actions of several of his powerful family members, Madam Nhu among them, that sparked the civil discontent of the Buddhist population.  Diem’s main fault was failing to control them.  The U.S. government also played a role in creating Buddhist discontent as part of their plan to remove Diem.  However, the stupidity of some of the members of the Ngo family seriously exacerbated the situation, giving the Americans all the means to destroy Diem’s image.

This is the unfortunate reality.  Madam Nhu, the sister-in-law of Ngo Dinh Diem, played a role that affected South Vietnam in an extremely negative way.  She was a public figure that attracted much media attention, but she abused this power and represented South Vietnam in a very poor light.  This article is in no way meant to disrespect the late Tran Le Xuan.  She was a tough minded woman, but the truth is that she made some critical mistakes, many which resulted in the suffering of the Vietnamese people.  Therefore, even though one should still respect her passing, one must not forget the wrongs she has done.  Madam Nhu passed away on April 24, 2011, at the age of 87.  May she rest in peace.

2 Responses to “Madam Nhu: The Passing of the ‘Dragon Lady’”

  1. Tran Nguyen Dan Says:

    Wow, I always knew it was Diem’s family that was the source of his unpopularity, but I never had a source! Thank you for posting this!

    On another note, you didn’t forget that Black April recently passed did you? I was hoping to see a post on the day D:

  2. I admired her for her strong minded personality. The sad part was this she and many others were not smart politicians, including her opponents. Vietnamese Politicians throughout history entered politics without realizing their capacity, including the Buddhist Monks. They entered politics to seek personal fame and have been exploited by outsiders to benefit their own countries/causes. These kind of politicians often time caused more damage to the country than help. At the current time, both overseas Vietnamese community and in Vietnam, incompetent politicians are everywhere. In order to move ahead and catch up with the world, Vietnam needs leaders who are compassionate, intelligent, and courageous. These characteristics are a Must for future leaders of Vietnam. Lacking even one of these charactiristics will be doomed to fail.

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