Archive for East Asian Politics

South Vietnamese General Endorses Donald Trump, Encourages Voting Republican in the 2018 Midterms

Posted in Politics with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on November 3, 2018 by Ian Pham

Tran Quang Khoi Endorses Donald Trump(Chau Xuan Nguyen / Breitbart)

Earlier in September of this year, Brigadier General Tran Quang Khoi of the former Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) released a statement in support of President Donald J. Trump. In the statement, General Khoi, who now resides in the United States, urged Vietnamese-Americans to vote Republican in the upcoming midterm elections. The general warned in his statement of the sabotage and obstruction from the Democratic Party, Barack Obama, Bill Clinton, the fake news liberal media, and the liberal wing of the Vietnamese-American media who ride the mainstream leftist coattails in hopes of affirmation and relevance (Sad!).

Presented below is General Khoi’s statement, via Hoang Lan Chi (Note: The original Vietnamese statement is shown first, with an English translation following immediately after):

– Tôi tha thiết kêu gọi mọi người VN tỵ nạn CS trên toàn thế giới lên tiếng ủng hộ triệt để Tổng Thống Donald Trump đang bị đảng Dân Chủ đối lập đe dọa trầm trọng.

– Đặc biệt tôi kêu gọi tất cả người Việt Nam tỵ nạn CS trên toàn nước Mỹ hãy kêu gọi nhau đi bầu, dồn phiếu cho TT.Donald Trump và đảng Cộng Hòa của ông. Đây là vấn đề sống chết của dân tộc và đất nước VN chúng ta.

Bọn Tàu cộng phương Bắc, Tập Cận Bình đang giãy chết. Đừng nghe lời kêu gọi của cựu Tổng Thống Obama và cựu Tổng Thống Bill Clinton, và tất cả báo chí của Mỹ và của VN cánh tả, chống Tổng Thống Donald Trump.

Nên nhớ , Tổng Thống Donald Trump là vị cứu tinh của dân tộc VN và của nước VN độc lập, dân chủ và phú cường.

Xin hảy tin lời kêu gọi của tôi.

– Sau khi CSVN bị diệt vong, tôi ước mong được trở về sống ở VN, và sẽ tham gia vào việc đào tạo thế hệ trẻ VN trở nên những cán bộ quân sự kiệt xuất của một nước VN độc lập, dân chủ và phú cường ./.

Virginia, ngày 01 tháng 9, 2018

Chuẩn Tướng TGKB Trần Quang Khôi.

Here is the same statement in English, translated by yours truly:

– I humbly call upon all Vietnamese overseas people around the world to speak up and support President Donald Trump, who is facing serious sabotage by the Democratic Party.

– I especially call upon all Vietnamese-Americans to come out and vote, casting your ballot for President Donald Trump and the Republican Party. This is a life and death situation for the people and nation of Vietnam.

The Red Chinese of the North and [Chinese President] Xi Jinping are currently fighting for their last breath. Do not listen to the words of former president Barack Obama, or former president Bill Clinton, or any of the U.S. mainstream media or leftist Vietnamese-American media, who are all against President Donald Trump.

Let it be known, President Donald Trump is the savior of the Vietnamese people and a future Vietnamese nation that is independent, democratic, and prosperous.

Please hear my message.

– After the Vietnamese Communist regime is overthrown, I dream to be able to return to and live in Vietnam, and to participate in the development of a new generation of Vietnamese military officers for a Vietnamese nation that is independent, democratic, and prosperous.

Virginia, September 1, 2018

Brigadier General TGKB Tran Quang Khoi.

Regarding General Khoi’s point about Trump being the savior of the Vietnamese people, I have some thoughts.

Since Donald Trump became president, he has been relentlessly hammering China with bruising tariffs that, as we speak, are wreaking havoc on the Chinese economy. Among those affected is China’s Formosa steel company, the same Formosa that has been polluting Vietnamese oceans, killing off the fish and vegetation, and poisoning Vietnam’s water supply. Formosa’s deliberate destruction of Vietnam’s environment has caused starvation, disease, and death all across Vietnam, with zero response from the cowardly Communist Party in Vietnam. The tariffs imposed by Trump on Chinese steel have greatly damaged Formosa, and in the process is delivering some measure of justice for the Vietnamese people.

Furthermore, Trump has beefed up U.S. presence in the Pacific and increased regional stability, leading to a significant curbing of Chinese assertiveness in the area. Donald Trump has done more for Vietnam since taking office than the communist leaders of Vietnam could ever hope to accomplish. Moreover, Trump has done more in 16 months to handle Chinese international aggression than Barack Obama and Bill Clinton could in 16 years.

Therefore, while I would word things differently than General Khoi, I definitely agree that President Trump is an ally of the Vietnamese people, and a free and independent Vietnamese nation. President Trump doesn’t even do it on purpose. He simply does the right thing, doing what needs to be done, and by proxy his deeds benefit the Vietnamese people. He helps us and he doesn’t even try.

Obviously, as Vietnamese people, we should not rely on anyone but ourselves. In geopolitical terms however, weighing our interests between the Republicans and the Democrats, more specifically, between Donald Trump or the pro-communist left (John Kerry, Bill Clinton, Barack Obama, the liberal fake news media, etc.), there is no question that we are better off with a Republican President, Republican Senate, and Republican House of Representatives. It is therefore pivotal that we do not allow the Democrats to ever take back the government.

A Democrat victory in November would mean the illegal impeachment of President Trump, the reestablishment of Washington corruption, a re-weaponized FBI and DOJ (the Deep State), a re-energized and vengeful leftist fake news media, and the resurgence of a humiliated and bitter Communist China eager to avenge the glorious ass-kicking that President Trump has been raining down upon them ever since taking office in January 2017.

In other words, Donald Trump is on our side, and the Democrats are not.

A win for Trump is a win for the Vietnamese people, both inside and outside of Vietnam.

By contrast, a win for the Democrats is a loss for the Vietnamese people, both inside and outside of Vietnam.

Remember that it was the Democrats who voted to cut all funding to South Vietnam in 1974, that the current Democratic Party is composed of many of those antiwar, pro-communist “activists” of the Vietnam War era, and that it is Democrats like Bill Clinton, Barack Obama, and John Kerry who have been cozying up to Communist Vietnam for decades up to present day.

If you are a South Vietnamese legacy who loves your freedom and are proud of your roots, the Democratic Party is not your friend.

For these reasons, I stand with General Tran Quang Khoi, and I too urge the Vietnamese people all across America to get out and vote Republican this Tuesday, November 6, 2018.

Donald Trump’s name may not be on the ballot, but his ability to govern and continue this incredible change depends wholeheartedly on the victory of the Republicans in these midterm elections.

As Vietnamese people – who are under constant threat of Chinese invasion, ignored and hated by Democrat politicians since our arrival in 1975, and slandered by the leftist media since the 1960s to present day – we need this.

We need Trump to win, and so we need to vote Republican.

I’ve said it before, and I’ll probably say it a whole lot more between now and Election Day:

Vote Republican this Tuesday, November 6, 2018. It is imperative that we do.

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TREASON: Communist Government Leases VIETNAMESE Lands to China for the Next Century

Posted in I. News with tags , , , , , , on June 9, 2018 by Ian Pham

Trong Lu the Bastard(Original photo via VOA)

The Communist Government in Vietnam has taken another devastating step in their quest to hand all of Vietnam over to China.

According to Asia News, the Vietnamese Communist Party, through its fake National Assembly, is preparing for a mock “vote” that will see the ceding of key Vietnamese territory over to China for 99 years, under the guise of what they are calling “special administrative economic zones.”

If the vote passes (and it will, because the communist voting process is a scam, and all decisions have been made beforehand by Party leadership), China will gain full access to several vital locations in Vietnam. These areas, which have been described as “Chinese economic hubs,” are Vietnamese territory that include, “Vân Đồn (Quảng Ninh province), Bắc Vân Phong (Khánh Hòa) and on Phú Quốc Island (Kiên Giang).”

Besides their historical significance, these regions also hold many important economic and strategic aspects, such as natural resources, tourism hubs, shipping lanes, trade routes, and border crossings. Furthermore, these three zones are evenly spread out across the northern, central, and southern regions of Vietnam, making Vietnam vulnerable on all fronts against Chinese encroachment.

The acquisition of these territories, under the pretense of economics, will give China free reign to exploit these Vietnamese lands and all of its resources, and to govern and enforce these lands as they see fit.

Many are warning that, “once in control of these three economic zones, Beijing could deploy armed forces to protect its interests. Once they have granted the concession, Vietnamese authorities will no longer have access to the territories.”

Furthermore, others fear that “By getting these territories, China could control almost all of Vietnam by 2020, exercising its ‘soft power’ on the local economy, finance and culture.”

In short, the Vietnamese Communist Party has, once again, taken a step that gives China a stronger chokehold over Vietnam and its people. The Communist Party in Vietnam are all traitors, cowards, and bastards, who have committed unforgivable crimes against the nation of Vietnam and all of its people, and will continue to do so until Vietnam is no more.

We must not let that happen.

 

CALL TO ACTION:

For anyone who currently wants to take action, but is struggling to figure out how, I would like to share something with you.

The full idea is long, complicated, and the project is still in progress, but for now, here is an introduction.

We all have different skills, tools, and conceptions on how to combat Communism and bring freedom to Vietnam. This one is mine:

Vietnamese Republicanism (Chủ Nghĩa Cộng Hòa Việt Nam) is a political ideology, one that is founded on the three pillars of Democracy (Dân Chủ), Human Rights (Nhân Quyền), and National Defense (Bảo Vệ Quốc Gia). The goal of Vietnamese Republicanism is to destroy Communism and the Communist Party in Vietnam, and establish a free, independent, and strong Vietnamese Republic in its place.

The original English version of “Chapter 1” can be reached HERE, and the Vietnamese translation of the chapter can be reached HERE.

Please give it a read (may take 10-15 minutes per chapter), and if you see merit in what you read, please consider sharing it with your friends, family, or the public. Methods of sharing can begin with social media, word of mouth, and email, but I encourage you to think of other ways, unconventional ways to spread this information.

The more people know about this Vietnamese Republicanism idea, the stronger our position in the fight against the communists will be. We want to reach the people inside Vietnam, most of all, because they have the power to fight from within the country, which is essential.

This is not the only way to fight against the communists, but it is one way, and I believe it will be effective.

If you’re looking for a way to fight against the communists, then may I propose you help spread the word about Vietnamese Republicanism (Chủ Nghĩa Cộng Hòa Việt Nam).

You can start by posting the link of Vietnamese Republicanism / Chủ Nghĩa Cộng Hòa Việt Nam to any social media platform and hitting the “share” button. Then you can come up with more ideas from there. The means don’t matter, as long as the message is delivered. Keep that in mind as you get creative, innovate, and come up with awesome new ideas to reach our ONE objective: Freedom for Vietnam.

Let’s start now.

Chinese Officials Tried To Strong-Arm the U.S. During Trump’s November 2017 Visit — General Kelly and the Boys Threw Down, Because America

Posted in Politics with tags , , , , , , , on March 5, 2018 by Ian Pham

John KellyU.S. Chief of Staff, and former General in the United States Marine Corps, John F. Kelly. (Pablo Martinez Monsivais/AP)

This event took place during President Donald J. Trump’s visit to China in November of 2017. The small incident was kept hush-hush by both sides, on China’s end probably because of shear shame and embarrassment, while on the U.S. side likely because they don’t care. Not very many people knew about the “scuffle” until February 2018, when Axios’ Jonathan Swan provided the scoop on how events unfolded.

How it all went down, according to the Swan source, and subsequently reported by Fox, The Hill, CNBC, and other news outlets, are as follows.

On November 9, 2017, President Trump was in Beijing, China, as part of his Asia tour.

At the capital city’s “Great Hall of the People,” where President Trump and company were paying a visit, Chinese officials blocked the way of one U.S. military aide from entering the premises. The American official in question was holding an important briefcase, the “nuclear football,” pivotal for the authorization and launch of a nuclear strike.

According to The Hill, “The nuclear football is the black briefcase containing the nuclear launch codes for the president. The aide carrying it is required to remain close to the president at all times.”

In response to Chinese obstruction, another American official ran to inform U.S. Chief of Staff, former U.S. Marine General John Kelly, of the situation.

Kelly, who was in a nearby room, promptly arrived on the scene and instructed the Americans to go on through.

“We’re moving in,” were the words of General Kelly, and the Americans pressed forward.

A Chinese official then put his hands on Kelly, grabbing him, before the former U.S. General shoved the Chinese official’s hand away.

In the next instant, a U.S. Secret Service agent got involved and tackled the Chinese official to the ground.

According to Axios, while several sources familiar with the event said that the U.S. Secret Service agent had downed the Chinese official, an official statement by the U.S. Secret Service denies that anyone actually got knocked to the ground.

The situation de-escalated from there.

Everything happened very quickly, and it was over in an instant.

Later, the Chinese head of security detail apologized to Trump and the U.S. for the “misunderstanding.”

While the Chinese call it a “misunderstanding,” there is reason to doubt their claim. This is not the first time that China has overstepped their boundaries and tried to disrespect a visiting delegation, nor will it be the last.

In December of 2017, only one month after the quiet kerfuffle with the Trump delegation, Chinese guards were caught on video beating a South Korean journalist during South Korean president Moon Jae-In’s visit to Beijing. It is said that the guards were acting under direct orders from the Chinese police.

Much further back, in September of 2016, the Chinese pulled a stunt on then-U.S. president Barack Obama as well.

During the 2016 G20 summit in Hangzhou, China, then-president Obama was denied a red carpet welcome and a staircase to exit from Air Force One. As a result, Obama had to come out through a side door of his plane, “the ass” of Air Force One, before navigating his own way to the red carpet. Below, Chinese officials were clashing with Obama administration officials, with the host nation screaming at the Americans, “This is our country! This is our airport!”

The entire incident was said to be a “calculated diplomatic snub,” designed to deliberately insult and make the U.S. look weak. All the other world leaders at Hangzhou, including Britain’s Theresa May, India’s Narendra Modi, and Russia’s Vladimir Putin, had received a red carpet welcome, staircase and all. The only, only country not to receive this formal courtesy was the United States and Obama. In classic Obama fashion, he just took it quietly, downplayed the insult, put a positive spin on his own feeble response, and let the Chinese get away with it.

Luckily, with Trump in the White House, this sort of thing doesn’t fly anymore. When commenting on the fiasco in 2016, then-candidate Trump was mocked by liberals for calling out China and saying he would have left if the Chinese treated him that way. Looking back now, it seems Trump knew exactly what he was talking about.

In the case of Obama, the Chinese were loud, obnoxious, and audacious about their blatant disrespect of the United States.

With President Trump, and the smackdown laid by General John Kelly and the U.S. delegation, the Chinese apologized, and quietly hoped that the Americans will not mention the event. According to the Swan source, U.S. officials were “asked to keep quiet about the incident,” but it is not specified in the report who had made that request.

Strong leadership. It makes a difference.

America.

Chinese Officials Overplay Hand at Hanoi Meeting, Get Sent Home Early

Posted in Politics with tags , , , , , on June 25, 2017 by Ian Pham

South China Sea(Voice of America)

It’s not that impressive, but when you remember that these are the Vietnamese communists we’re talking about, it’s kind of a big deal. Still not that great, though, by the standards of non-garbage nations.

In a nutshell, some Chinese representatives said some things to their Vietnamese hosts in a recent meeting in Hanoi, Vietnam’s capital city. The hosts didn’t take kindly to the words of their Chinese guests, and as a result, the visitors were sent packing early.

This is newsworthy because it is very uncharacteristic of the Vietnamese communist government to ever show any type of backbone when talking with the Chinese. It’s usually a “yes sir, thank you sir,” and sometimes a “sorry sir,” on the parts of the Vietnamese communists to their Chinese overlords, with the two sides then going on public record saying that “great progress” has been made in “the talks” for “ensuring stability in the region.” In reality, behind these empty cliched words, it’s just China telling their VCP lapdogs what to do next, and the communists in Hanoi nodding their heads in agreement and obedience.

The fact that this is not the case this time, and that someone in the VCP actually had the guts to ask the Chinese to leave is something of a news story for Vietnamese geopolitics in the current era of communist rule.

Below are further details of the Chinese delegation’s early-cancelled trip in Vietnam.

According to Voice of America, Vietnamese edition, Chinese general Fan Changlong and a squad of Chinese military officials came to Vietnam this week to meet with high-ranking members of the Vietnamese Communist Party.

The meeting, officially deemed a continuation of the annual “border defense friendship exchange program,” was supposed to last from June 20-22, but was promptly cancelled due to “private disagreements” that were not specified by either side, according to The Diplomat.

Officially, the Chinese government cite “working arrangements” as reasons for the shortened visit, The New York Times claims. However, analysts believe that deeper issues are afoot.

Reports claim that China appears to be angry with Vietnam for developing closer ties to Japan and the United States. These two nations are both viewed with suspicion and envy by the Chinese. Vietnam’s increased cooperation with these countries is likely interpreted by the Chinese as an affront to their own influence in the region.

Furthermore, Caty Weaver cites government sources claiming that “discussions about the disputed South China Sea” may be the cause of Fan’s shortened visit to Vietnam. Similarly, it is reported by The New York Times that the Chinese representatives’ trip was “unexpectedly cut short… after tempers flared during a closed-door discussion on disputed territories in the South China Sea.”

In response to Vietnam’s surprisingly tougher than usual reaction, China has deployed 40 naval vessels, as well as some military aircraft within Vietnam’s Exclusive Economic Zone. Even before Fan’s visit, Beijing moved their infamous Haiyang 981 oil rig back into Vietnam’s EEZ, most likely as a tactic of intimidation to let the communist Vietnamese know that their granddaddy China was on the way.

Analysts assert that possible reasons for China’s extra assertiveness at this time is opportunism due to “the loss of ASEAN momentum in the South China Sea,” and what appears to be “a distracted United States” in the region. Currently, there is much uncertainty regarding President Trump’s policies in the Pacific, and so the Chinese are trying to capitalize on this opportunity and expand their military and geopolitical position.

Increased pressure on Hanoi in the recent meeting is thus simply a continuation of China’s attempt to better its influence in the Pacific. Unfortunately for the Chinese, they pushed too hard this time in their “discussions” with the communist Vietnamese. For whatever reason, Hanoi finally snapped and bit back at Beijing’s bullying tactics.

As a result, China is now embarrassed at the debacle, an event exemplified by their General Fan “voluntarily” leaving Vietnam earlier than scheduled. To “save face,” the Chinese government is currently lashing out by sending ships and planes in a show of “strength” along Vietnam’s coast.

Thus far, it is unclear in the short term whether the situation in the South China Sea will simmer down or escalate. Time will tell.

As Expected, Zero Progress Made From Nguyen Phu Trong’s “Historic” Visit to Washington

Posted in Politics with tags , , , , , , , on July 8, 2015 by Ian Pham

Washington MeetingImage via Yahoo News

I felt I should follow up from my last article about VCP General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong’s self-proclaimed “historic” visit to meet President Barack Obama in Washington. Like I forecasted just a day ago, the talks indeed yielded zero actual change from the status quo.

The talks were straightforward, relaxed, with little point whatsoever. Pleasantries were exchanged, Nguyen Phu Trong lauds the “progress” that has been made in U.S.-Vietnam relations, with President Obama courteously expressing optimism for the future. The usual topics were brought up, like Chinese aggression in the Pacific, the possibility of the formation of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and of course, the issue of human rights.

According to the Washington Times, Trong invited President Obama to visit Vietnam, in which the President has replied that he will do so “… some time in the future.”

There were some notable happenings that revolved around the meeting, but were not part of the meeting itself. A group of bipartisan lawmakers in the White House advised the President prior to the meeting to press Nguyen Phu Trong more strongly on the human rights issue.

From the same Washington Times source:

“This authoritarian one-party system is the root cause of the deplorable human rights situation in Vietnam,” wrote the lawmakers, led by Rep. Christopher H. Smith, New Jersey Republican. “As the list of detained Vietnamese bloggers and prisoners of conscience gets longer and longer, it is even more important than ever that the United States sends a clear message to the Hanoi authorities that respect for human rights is essential for a closer economic and security relationship.”

The other notable happening in relation with Nguyen Phu Trong’s visit was the hundreds-strong protest taking place outside of the White House during the meeting.

According to Jerome Cartillier:

A few hundred protesters rallied outside the White House, calling for expanded human rights in Vietnam — an issue that has sparked concern among some American lawmakers about deepening ties.

Demonstrators carried signs with slogans like “Freedom of speech in Vietnam now” and called on Hanoi to release all political prisoners.

Washington ProtestProtesters outside of the White House during Vietnamese Communist Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong’s meeting with President Obama. Photo via Yahoo News

Although the meeting between President Obama and the idiot General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong was exactly as unproductive and pointless as expected, I am still happy to hear that the issue of human rights is still on the minds of U.S. lawmakers. I am even more proud of the part played by the Vietnamese community.

Commendation to all who participated in the protests yesterday. You made a great impact, and your passion and dedication is undoubtedly being heard. As the actions of the U.S. lawmakers urging the President to be tougher on Trong has shown, your voice is making a difference.

We have to keep pushing, we have to keep making a difference. Persistence is everything.

Predictions For Nguyen Phu Trong, Vietnam’s VCP General Secretary’s Visit to Washington Today

Posted in Politics with tags , , , , , , on July 7, 2015 by Ian Pham

Nguyen Phu Trong(AP Photo/Tran Van Minh)

Vietnam’s General Secretary, the leader of the VCP and the country’s man in charge, Nguyen Phu Trong arrives in Washington today to meet with President Barack Obama.

According to the White House:

On July 7, 2015, President Obama will welcome to the White House Nguyen Phu Trong, the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam.  The President looks forward to discussing with General Secretary Trong ways to strengthen further the U.S.-Vietnam Comprehensive Partnership, reflecting on the accomplishments of the past twenty years since the normalization of bilateral diplomatic relations.  The President also welcomes the opportunity to discuss other issues, including the Trans-Pacific Partnership, human rights, and bilateral defense cooperation.

I’m not exactly sure what will come out of this meeting. The Vietnamese government in Hanoi has demonstrated time and again that they are firmly under the thumb of Beijing. Moreover, members of the VCP, with party chief Trong being one of the biggest offenders, have all shown ineptitude in reaching any sort of solution to the woes of their country, economically, socially, and politically.

For these reasons, I believe that President Obama’s hopes of establishing closer ties with Vietnam will once again fall short of any substantial gains. Human rights remains an issue that has hindered the U.S. goal of establishing a meaningful partnership with Vietnam, and judging from the ongoing violations that the communist state continues to orchestrate, this issue shows little hope of being resolved anytime soon.

The U.S. has deep interests in strengthening relations with Vietnam, and is willing to offer the communist nation vast benefits to reach that end. However, judging from the VCP’s tendency to fashion their foreign policy in accordance with Beijing’s wishes, it is highly unlikely that Trong or the VCP will risk offending China by warming up to the United States, no matter how beneficial siding with America is to Vietnam’s growth.

In terms of strengthening relations with Vietnam, the U.S. is willing to offer Vietnam a seat in the new Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), as well as the easing of restrictions on the sales of lethal weaponry, and the increasing of economic ties. The U.S. wants to provide Vietnam with these major benefits, and has been very patient with the communist state’s continued intransigence, most notably with Vietnam diplomatically siding with China and blatantly abusing human rights domestically.

Besides the complicated situation with China, human rights is the only major impediment to Vietnam gaining the extensive economic, military, and geopolitical benefits that comes from partnership with the United States. However, as a communist government who is struggling to maintain stranglehold on power, as a cowardly government in constant fear of offending China, and as dullards who can’t hit water if they fell out of a boat, the Vietnamese Communist Party and its leader Nguyen Phu Trong will not be smart enough to take the many benefits that the U.S. is wanting to give to them.

In my predictions, no substantial agreements will be met between Vietnam and the United States. Unless President Obama is willing to overlook the human rights issue completely, something I really hope he does not do, it is doubtful that the establishment of the Trans-Pacific Partnership will become a reality.

Nguyen Phu Trong, nicknamed “Trọng Lú,” or “Trọng the Stupid,” or “Trọng the Confused,” or “Trọng the Dazed,” or “Trọng the Dullard,” (depending on your choice of translation) by the international Vietnamese community, will not make the obvious choice of simply improving human rights to vastly benefit his country. It’s so simple, but he will not get it. He’s called Trọng Lú for a reason.

The only thing I hope to see today are the major democracy, human rights, and anti-communist protests upon Trong’s arrival. Any organization that is staging demonstrations, all the more power to you. Come out in droves, make him hear you.

“Trọng Lú.”

1979: The Sino-Vietnamese War (Part II)

Posted in Modern History, Politics with tags , , , , , , , on August 16, 2011 by Ian Pham

Enter Deng Xiaoping

After Vietnam’s swift invasion of Cambodia, tensions between Vietnam and China finally flared to the breaking point.  Deng Xiaoping was enraged by Vietnam’s total domination in the Cambodian conflict and felt obligated to teach Vietnam a lesson in war.  The arrogant Communist leader labelled Vietnam a “hooligan” and vowed to move his PLA into Hanoi in a matter of days.  However, the Chinese Communist leader would be forced to swallow his own harsh words.  Invading Vietnam, as Deng would soon learn, is not an easy endeavour.

Deng Xiaoping had two core objectives when he deployed his forces into Vietnam. The first reason was personal, the Chinese wanted to defeat Vietnam overwhelmingly, the same way that Cambodia was taken down at the hands of the Vietnamese.  This is why Deng Xiapoing claimed that he would teach Vietnam a lesson, boasting to show how superior [he thought] the Chinese military was over Vietnam.  The second reason was political, for Deng wanted to remove Vietnam from Cambodia, thus ending their occupation of a former Chinese ally.  Unfortunately for Deng, as one will find out, neither of these objectives would be met by his PLA.

Le Duan’s Plan

With Deng’s army on the march, Le Duan, Vietnam’s General Secretary, made his own preparations to deal with the Chinese forces.  He had just defeated Pol Pot in war and was now overseeing his country’s occupation. For this reason, Le Duan had to keep most of his forces stationed in Cambodia, leaving him with only the secondary militia to take on the forces of Deng Xiaoping.  This secondary army of Vietnam, to the surprise of all (except the Vietnamese), would be more than enough to take on the Chinese forces.

The Chinese entered Vietnam on February 17, 1979, successfully marching only 7-8 kilometres for the first several days.  The Chinese saw heavy resistance from the People’s Army of Vietnam, who caused them to remain idle for the three days of their invasion.  On the fourth day, after the standstill at the hands of the Vietnamese secondary army, the Chinese forces fought their way towards Cao Bang and Lang Son.  After six days of excruciating battles, the Chinese managed to capture Cao Bang on February 27, with another two days to occupy Lang Son.  It was throughout this period that the Chinese army were encountering difficulties on the battlefield, with the Vietnamese forces waiting at the opposite end.

The Retreat & The Aftermath

On March 5, with the hopes of marching into Hanoi all but crushed, Deng Xiaoping had no other option but to retreat his forces.  On the way back, the Chinese forces, under Deng’s orders, hunted down and killed all of the Vietnamese civilians in their path.  Tens of thousands of innocent civilians, which consisted mostly of women, children, and the elderly, were ruthlessly slaughtered by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army.  The forces of Le Duan were now pursuing the Chinese back to the border, but were slowed down by the trail of land mines left by the murderers of Deng Xiaoping.  The massacre could not be stopped in time, and many thousand innocent lives were lost at the hands of the ever bitter and humiliated Deng Xiaoping.

When his forces were finally withdrawn from Vietnam on March 16, Deng Xiaoping had the nerve to claim victory over Vietnam, shamelessly declaring that he had achieved all his objectives in the war.  What he failed to mention accurately was the three day standstill at the beginning, the seven day halt that followed, and the complete and utter deterioration of his dream of ever reaching Hanoi in the end.  Furthermore, Deng Xiaoping felt no remorse for the many thousands of innocent lives that he had taken on his retreat back to China.  This act of violence happened to such a scale that it can be labelled a war crime.  To sum up, his expedition into Vietnam was a complete disaster, one that he could not bring himself to admit.

Prior to his invasion, Mr. Deng pompously proclaimed that he would teach Vietnam a valuable lesson, pledging to move his army into Hanoi by dinner time.  Because of his arrogance, Deng pushed his soldiers into a military conflict that dragged on for nearly 30 days, costing him an undisclosed number of military bodies said to be around 60,000, possibly even higher. What did he gain out of this?  Not very much.  In the words of author Gerald Segal, “China failed to force a Vietnamese withdrawal from [Cambodia], failed to end border clashes, failed to cast doubt on the strength of the Soviet power, failed to dispel the image of China as a paper tiger, and failed to draw the United States into an anti-Soviet coalition.” Deng Xiaoping sent his army into Vietnam with the intention of teaching the country a lesson, but with his humiliating defeat at the hands of Le Duan and the Vietnamese, it is clear that it was Deng who has been taught a lesson.