Archive for North Vietnam

Sign This Petition to Reconvene the Paris Peace Conference

Posted in IV. Columns, Modern History with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on May 11, 2020 by Ian Pham

There’s a petition out there right now that calls on the White House and Congress to reconvene the Paris Peace Conference that took place during the Vietnam War.

It’s a good idea, and here is why you should sign it and tell your family and friends to sign it as well.

For anyone who is interested right this second, click HERE for the petition.

The Rundown:

The Paris Meetings, 1973:

On January 27, 1973, the U.S. (naively), South Vietnam (reluctantly), and North Vietnam (maliciously, in bad faith, and with no intention to comply), came together to sign the Paris Peace Accords (the “Jan. 27 accords”). The agreement infamously declared a ceasefire truce and an end to the Vietnam War. As events will show, the agreement was trash from beginning to end (we’ll get to that part later in this article).

Then a couple months later, on March 2, 1973, these signatories, along with a collection of other nations involved in the talks, came together to sign the Act of the International Conference on Vietnam (the “Mar. 2 agreement”). This agreement recognized and affirmed the Paris Peace Accords (fully known as “the Paris Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Viet-Nam”) that was signed on Jan. 27 (Article 1; p. 1).

The Mar. 2 agreement reiterated the terms of the Jan. 27 accords, which included a ceasefire, respect for territorial boundaries, and the South Vietnamese people’s right to self-determination (Articles 1-7; p. 1-5).

Communists Violate the Agreements:

The agreements allowed the U.S. to withdraw its forces from Vietnam, thereby freeing America from its commitment to the Vietnam War. With the exception of a few who stayed behind, the vast majority of U.S. troops were taken out of Vietnam as a result of the Paris Peace Accords.

Shortly after the U.S. withdrawal, the North Vietnamese launched a new invasion of South Vietnam, thereby violating the agreements, and starting a new phase in the war.

In the U.S., after the impeachment of President Nixon in 1974, the U.S. Congress and Senate, run by Democrats, voted to cut all U.S. funding to South Vietnam. As a result, the South ran out of weapons and money, and eventually, was overrun by the North. By April 30, 1975, the capital city of Saigon fell, and with it, all of South Vietnam.

So, in a nutshell, the U.S. government, with the help of the communist North Vietnamese, pressured South Vietnam into a bullshit agreement in Paris that nobody intended to enforce. The U.S. used it to get out of Vietnam, the North blatantly violated it right after the U.S. exit, and the South was left holding the bag and deal with all of the consequences afterward. Thus, the Jan. 27 accord and the following Mar. 2 agreement are, for all intents and purposes, trash. Simply trash. Trash.

However, despite them being trash, they are still things that exist, and may still be used as tools to combat Red China and Communist Vietnam today. If supported, honored, and enforced by capable people, the agreements may actually be of some use (and thus, stop being trash) going forward. Read on to see how.

The Act of the International Conference on Vietnam, Revisited:

Why the March 2 agreement is worth revisiting:

Since the communists violated the Paris Peace Accords and the subsequent Mar. 2 agreement, it may be argued that, according to international law, the communists acquired the southern part of Vietnam illegally, and therefore do not have a rightful claim to all of Vietnam.

Furthermore, and this is the kicker, by virtue of this illegal invasion, it may be argued that, legally, South Vietnam still exists, and is currently under illegal military occupation by the communist forces.

“Article 7” of the March 2 agreement leaves room for reconvening:

“Article 7” of the Mar. 2 agreement has two parts that allow for reconvening. They are as follows:

7 (a): In the event of a violation of the Agreement or the Protocols which threatens the peace, the independence, sovereignty, unity, or territorial integrity of Viet-Nam, or the right of the South Vietnamese people to self-determination, the parties signatory to the Agreement and the Protocols shall, either individually or jointly, consult with the other Parties to this Act with a view to determining necessary remedial measures.

7 (b): The International Conference on Viet-Nam shall be reconvened upon a joint request by the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Democratic Republic of Viet-Nam on behalf of the parties signatory to the Agreement or upon a request by six or more of the Parties to this Act.

So, if the U.S. wanted to reconvene the conference, it can actually do so by invoking Articles 7 (a) or (b) of the Mar. 2 agreement.

Article 7 (b) would require getting the communists to agree on a reconvention, or convincing six or more of the signees of the Mar. 2 agreement to get on board with a reconvention. This method is unlikely to work, but it’s there.

The better way would be to use Article 7 (a), which says that “individually or jointly,” remedial measures for a violation may be determined by a signee of the agreement.

I’m looking at the “individually” part, because, in the event that the other signees are too scared and weak to stand up to China, then America and the Trump administration could simply and “individually” determine “remedial measures” on its own, and to handle the dirty communists however America sees fit.

Whether any of this happens, however, is up to you.

The Petition:

Why the petition is worth signing:

By reconvening the Paris International Conference, we can put everything back on the table, and question the legitimacy of communist control over the Vietnamese nation today.

At the very least, pushing for the reconvening of the conference may spark conversation among world leaders, and provide a nonviolent method, not only to pressure the communists into accepting some form of democratic compromise with the Vietnamese nation, but also to challenge China’s aggression in the Pacific region.

The petition says that “China is encroaching on the boundaries of a number of nations, including Vietnam. The conflict in the South China Sea raises the spectre of armed conflict with China…” and that reconvening the Paris conference is a viable method to avert a breakout of war, and to resolve conflict in the Pacific.

China is also a signatory to the Mar. 2 agreement in Paris, and their encroachment on Vietnamese territory is thus a violation of the agreement.

There is no better time than now because of President Trump:

During the times of Bush and Obama, something like this would not work. These past presidents were weak, incompetent, and lacked the courage to look China in the face. Things are different now under President Donald J. Trump.

President Trump has stood up to China repeatedly, slapping them with tariffs, trade restrictions, and a fearless dose of truth (e.g. China’s dishonest and unfair trade practices, theft of American intelligence and intellectual property, Communist Party corruption, meddling in U.S. elections, threatening of Hong Kong protestors, weaselling out of a new trade deal, origination of COVID-19, etc.) on a daily basis.

If anyone had the guts to reconvene the Paris conference, it’s Trump. This is not to say that he will, but it is saying that with Trump, we actually have a shot. So why not? It only takes a minute to sign the petition, it costs nothing, and you have nothing to lose.

It literally takes a minute. It took me two minutes because I took my sweet time.

How To Sign the Petition:

It’s really easy.

Step 1: Go to the petition’s website, which is hosted by the U.S. government’s We the People online petition service.

Step 2: Sign the petition by filling out three fields indicating your first name, last name, and email.

(Remember to un-check the subscription box if you don’t want emails from the website).

Step 3: Go into your email and click on the verification link, which is only to make sure that the email you provided is actually yours.

Step 4: There is no step four. YOU’RE DONE.

Share the petition with your family and friends, and ask them to share it with their family and friends.

For some of the older folks, help may be required to open their emails and click on the verify link. If your older relatives need help, then please give them a hand.

This is literally one of those times where if a whole bunch of us took one minute out of our day to do this simple task, something great might come of it.

Once again for your convenience, click HERE for the petition.

It costs nothing, takes one minute, and it can spark something great. Please sign!



Act of the International Conference on Viet-Nam. Paris, March 2, 1973. United Nations Archives. Reference Code: S-0901-0004-07. editors. "Paris Peace Accords signed." Last modified January 23, 2020.

T. N. "Reconvene The Paris International Conference on Vietnam to resolve conflicts in South China Sea" Petition. Created April 28, 2020.

Annotated Bibliography: “The Blood-Red Hands of Ho Chi Minh,” by John G. Hubbell

Posted in Modern History, Modern History - A.B. with tags , , , , , , , , , , on June 4, 2015 by Ian Pham

Ho Chi MinhImage via The Australian

Hubbell, John G. “The Blood-Red Hands of Ho Chi Minh.” Reader’s Digest, November 1968. (accessed May 24, 2015).

Written in 1968, John G. Hubbell provides invaluable documentation of the crimes against humanity that Ho Chi Minh committed on the people of North and South Vietnam throughout the Vietnam War. As explained by Hubbell, these massacres perpetrated by both the regular forces in the North, and the Viet Cong guerillas in the South, were not isolated incidents, but actually part of Ho Chi Minh’s official policy. The brutality of these actions resulted in countless bloodbaths, and, as the author will illustrate, is nothing short of genocide.

Under Ho’s command, the Viet Cong unleashed a wave of slaughter on the people of South Vietnam. The Viet Cong guerillas, oftentimes assisted by the regular Northern forces, conducted a massive terror campaign against the Republic of Vietnam, subjecting the people of the South, both soldiers and innocent civilians alike, to the most barbaric forms of torture and killing.

At the hands of the communists, entire Southern villages were raided, their inhabitants rounded up and systematically executed in the most primitive and brutal of ways. In some cases, the villages themselves were burned to the ground by the VC. Families of Southern soldiers and government officials were kidnapped, tortured, mutilated, and often killed, either to intimidate, or as retribution against the breadwinner for their political ties. The communists slaughtered indiscriminately, not only killing adult men, but also women, children, the elderly, and even pregnant women and their unborn. At the end of 1967, according to Hubbell, the communists had orchestrated “at least 100,000 acts of terror against the South Vietnamese people.”

In the North, regular communist forces carried out savage political purges against their own population. Beginning in 1954, with the consolidation of power by Ho Chi Minh, “virtually every North Vietnamese village” was met with “strong-arm squads” who rounded up the populace for show trials and executions. The first victims were the landowners, but eventually grew to include intellectuals, civic leaders, businessmen, teachers, and others who the communists viewed as potential threats. Beheading, bludgeoning, shooting, stoning, and live burials, were only some of the gruesome forms of killing that the communists imposed on the North Vietnamese population. It is estimated that between 50,000-100,000 people died in these massacres during that time.

On March 13, 1959, the leaders in North Vietnam resolved to act against the South. It was from there that VC violence was amped up significantly in South Vietnam, becoming widespread throughout the country. Ho Chi Minh and the North wanted to dismantle the Republic of Vietnam, and sought to do so through terror and violence. Using the VC wing of his communist forces, the Northern dictator authorized those heinous terrorist acts against the people of the Republic of Vietnam, in hopes of breaking the Southern will. However, as the author explains, these atrocities would only push the people closer to the arms of the South. Those whom the communists believed would “rise and fight” alongside them against the Saigon government did “just the opposite,” fighting “like tigers” against Ho Chi Minh’s invading forces at Hue in 1968. Moreover, the institutions that the communists aimed to dismantle, such as the education system of South Vietnam, as well as the voting polls, would only become stronger, growing rapidly as the population presses on and perseveres in defiance of communist brutality.

During the war, South Vietnam was heavily criticized for its counter-terrorism measures, which the biased left-leaning U.S. media deemed as harsh and repressive. These characterizations were ill-informed, lacking in context, and heavily in favor of the communists. Understanding the true and horrific nature of the communist terror policy, as Hubbell’s report helps to accomplish, one gains some key perspective on the reasons why South Vietnam was so heavy-handed in dealing with the VC in the South. South Vietnam was facing a major terrorist problem, and had to implement tough countermeasures to effectively defend the state and its citizens from communist terror attacks.

Hubbell’s source brings to light those countless cases of communist barbarity, and doing so in great detail. The vivid accounts given by Hubbell illustrates clearly the criminal governance of the dictator Ho Chi Minh, who, as shown, is responsible for the deaths of hundreds of thousands of innocent Vietnamese people, in the North and the South. These deaths were not collateral damage, but the explicit results of the actions performed by the man and his totalitarian state. In addition, Hubbell’s report offers some valuable insight on life in the South, such as the nation’s democratic values and emphasis on education, things that the communists were trying so hard to destroy.

Interesting Ho Chi Minh Quotes: The Art of Deception

Posted in Modern History, Politics with tags , , , , on October 2, 2010 by Ian Pham

In the spirit of our new “Quotes” section, here are some interesting quotes by the infamous Ho Chi Minh.  You’ll be surprised at what the main message in his words are.  Just so you know, it’s not Communism.

“The Vietnamese people deeply love independence, freedom, and peace. But in the face of United States aggression, they have risen up, united as one man.”

“Love other human beings as you would love yourself.”

“Nothing is more precious than independence and liberty.”

“It was patriotism, not Communism, that inspired me.”

“I only follow one party: the Vietnamese Party.”

Surprised?  Ho Chi Minh was a political genius, tricking everyone into believing his lies.  Using patriotism, nationalism, and the pretext of fighting for freedom, Ho Chi Minh demonized the Americans and defeated them in the war.  It is true, Ho Chi Minh was an inspiring man.  He was a charismatic individual who was able to gain support from many people inside and outside of Vietnam.  However, actions speak louder than words.  The crimes he committed against humanity have clearly been proven.  He was a criminal, not a patriot.  Thanks to him, Vietnam is now going through a phase of decline and self-destruction.  He is not the hero that we all thought he was.  However, I will acknowledge his title as the master of deception.  He’s a tricky one.

Ho Chi Minh: The Man Who Deceived the World

Posted in IV. Columns, Modern History, Politics with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on September 17, 2010 by Ian Pham

The Man Who Created “The System”

Ho Chi Minh, the man who brought Communism to Vietnam, kicked out the French, and liberated the country.  Sounds about right, too bad it’s mostly wrong.  I hope that by now, the positions that I have taken against Ho Chi Minh and Communism has become clear.  All the crimes committed by the Communists over the last 35 years, even up to present day, should paint a clear picture of what Ho Chi Minh has done to Vietnam.  The system created by Ho Chi Minh is autocratic, corrupted, and totalitarian.  Using ingenious methods of deception, Ho Chi Minh would lead the world on to think that he was a patriot, fighting with his heart and soul for the good of the nation.

Ho Chi Minh was a dictatorial, megalomaniacal, and extremely cunning man.  Behind that fatherly smile was a diabolical mind that was capable of deceiving the entire world, leading us to believe that he had the country’s interest in mind.  Ho Chi Minh claimed to live his life with only one goal in his mind: liberating the Vietnamese people from the grips of the French.  Apparently his one and only ambition in life was to free the country and lead it to prosperity.  Whether or not he meant it in the beginning is debatable, but the horrifying outcomes of his actions later on are absolutely undeniable.

The Viet Minh and the “Democratic” Republic of Vietnam

When he returned to Vietnam in 1945, he became the leader of the Viet Minh, a revolutionary organization that was determined to terminate the French invaders.  Despite what certain researchers claim, the Viet Minh was not a Communist organization.  In reality, they were a coalition of the many revolutionary groups at the time, joining forces to defeat the French.  They were freedom fighters who fought in the name of Vietnam, not Marxism-Leninism.  However, many of the leaders in the Viet Minh were slowly purged by Ho Chi Minh, elevating him to the top position.  When they defeated the French at Dien Binh Phu in 1954, it was Ho Chi Minh who received all the glory.  It was by now that the Viet Minh were dominated by pro-Leninist leaders.

In this, Ho Chi Minh established the foundations for his Communist movement, though the west couldn’t understand it at the time.  Under Ho Chi Minh, the northern half of Vietnam was under the rule of the Communists, while the South was under the rule of Ngo Dinh Diem and the republicans/democrats.  However, North Vietnam was not called the “Socialist” Republic of Vietnam as it is known today.  Ho Chi Minh used a different name, one more easy on the ears of Americans: the “Democratic” Republic of Vietnam.  In selecting this name, he gave the impression of a democratic society, though one will find out, his regime will be far from democratic.  Nonetheless, this strategic move, with many others, will give him an sharp edge in the eyes of the world.

The Viet Cong, The National Liberation Front, and the Labor Party

Throughout his entire rule, Ho Chi Minh labeled his forces the protectors of Vietnam, attacking the South on the pretext of “liberating our southern brothers from the American invaders.”  Instead of the name Communist Party, Ho Chi Minh named his group the Labor Party, looking to gain support from the working population.  This worked quite well, not only for the people inside Vietnam, but also to the observers from outside the country.

Besides the People’s Army in the north, Ho Chi Minh created another military force in the south, cleverly labeled as the “National Liberation Front (NLF).”  In creating this alternate force, Ho Chi Minh wanted to simulate the illusion of rebellion and revolt in the south.  Ho’s plan was to make the world think that Vietnam had two separate groups who fought for the same cause, defeating the Republic of Vietnam.  In reality, the NLF (aka Vietcong) were directly under Ho Chi Minh’s command and was not a separate entity in the war.

The Mind of Modern Vietnam’s Greatest Villain

As you can see, Ho Chi Minh was a political genius who fooled the world into supporting his cause.  Through propaganda, terror, and betrayals of his many allies, Ho Chi Minh formed the Communist movement in Vietnam, putting himself at the top of the pyramid.  He incited the patriotism of his soldiers, tricking them into thinking that what they were doing was best for Vietnam.  He used the entrance of the Americans to trash South Vietnam, calling them tools of foreign imperialism, and created anger and hatred in the hearts of his soldiers.

Many of his policies during the war were cruel and atrocious.  The land reform programs resulted in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of innocent Vietnamese civilians in the north.  His murderous policies in treating southern civilians was also disturbing and destructive.  One such example was the Hue Massacre in 1968.  His soldiers captured the city of central Vietnam, brutally murdering thousands of defenseless people, simply because they lived under the government of South Vietnam.

Sympathy From the West

Even while he was committing these evil deeds, Ho Chi Minh was able to cultivate a positive image in the eyes of the world.  Throughout the 1960’s, many people in the west bought into his propaganda, protested the South, and praised the North.  They didn’t know of his brutal massacres or his selfish intentions.  They only saw what was on the surface, an elderly smile of a charming old man, backed by thousands upon thousands of biased media outlets.  The “experts” in America believed that he was a saint, comparing him to real heroes such as Gandhi, Malcolm X, and Martin Luther King.  Judging by the evidence of all the Communists’ crimes, whoever made these comparisons should feel really stupid now.

Ho Chi Minh was such a devious man, successfully fooling the people of Vietnam and the international community.  There were several who saw past his lies, but the majority got caught up in the show, blindly jumping on the Ho Chi Minh band-wagon.  Today, the evidence of his cruelty has been verified.  He created a system where killing and stealing reigned supreme.  His offspring, the likes of Nong Duc Manh, Nguyen Tan Dung, and Nguyen Minh Triet occupy the Communist Party today, selling land to the Chinese and stealing money from the common folk.  It is clear that Ho Chi Minh has deceived us all.  His legacy has been stained with the blood of his own people.  The sad state of the Vietnam today is the direct consequence of his actions in the past.  Some idiots may still call him “Uncle Ho,” but I just call him a dirty old bastard.

North & South: Different Mindset, Same Aspiration

Posted in Modern History with tags , , , , on May 25, 2010 by Ian Pham

Communist North.  Democratic South.  What were they fighting for?  History often claims that each side wanted different things, the North wanted Communism while the South wanted freedom and democracy.  Simple enough, on the surface, anyway.  If you take a closer look at the motivation for each side to fight, you will be surprised that although the Communist North and Democratic South were bitter enemies, they both had Vietnam’s interest at heart.  It is important to note that in this case, when I say North Vietnam, I am actually referring to the citizens and soldiers of the North, not the Communist leaders such as Ho Chi Minh and Le Duan.  The soldiers in the North didn’t pick up their guns in the name of Communism, it was Vietnam that the Northern soldiers were fighting for.  Unlike the North, the South was not taken in by the lies of Communism, but like the North, the South truly loved the country.  Both sides wanted a free and independent Vietnam and both sides wanted Vietnam to be strong.  Unfortunately, ideology, external influences, and the malicious motives of power-hungry individuals (Ho Chi Minh) split the country into two, ultimately dragging the country into a costly and destructive civil war.

It wasn’t Communism that helped win the war for North Vietnam, but rather the patriotism of the Vietnamese people.  Ho Chi Minh deceived his supporters, accusing South Vietnam of being a puppet of the U.S and other foreign powers.  This allegation, however false it my be, struck the nerve of many Vietnamese people within his influence.  One of the strongest (if not the strongest) forces that motivated the North Vietnamese soldiers to keep fighting was their determination to defend Vietnam’s independence.  The Viet Minh (old Viet Cong) had just expelled the French imperialists from the Vietnamese nation and viewed the Americans as the new invaders to the sacred land.  It was this reason that the North fought so fiercely against the U.S. and it was for this reason that the Americans lost.  The North Vietnamese soldiers never fought with Communism on their minds, but instead fought with the freedom and well-being of Vietnam on their minds.  Ho Chi Minh only gained widespread support because he claimed to fight for these ideals.  Through propaganda, lies, and deceit, he successfully turned the North against the South, Vietnamese against Vietnamese, and patriots against patriots.

South Vietnam fought for the same ideals as the North: a free and independent Vietnam.  The only difference is that they saw the truth behind the lies, what Ho Chi Minh’s real intentions were, and that Communism was not good for the nation.  The Republic of Vietnam (aka South Vietnam) understood the detrimental consequences that Communism would bring to Vietnam, so therefore, they were willing to go to war with the North.  The outbreak of the war was triggered by Ho Chi Minh, the South under President Diem simply stood their ground, resisting the northern invaders.

By now it should be clear that both the people of North (except Ho Chi Minh, of course) and South wanted what was best for Vietnam.  The dictator Ho Chi Minh rallied the Northern troops with his false claims of freedom and peace while President Ngo Dinh Diem defended his own people, fighting for truth and democracy.  It is possible to argue that the South simply had a better understanding of what was best for Vietnam.  The North was blinded by false hope and blatant patriotism that later evolved into deep hatred and contempt for the South caused by the ingenious and wicked propaganda orchestrated by the cunning and deceitful Ho Chi Minh.  Communism didn’t win the war, the national loyalty and devoted love of one’s country helped the North defeat the Americans.  The subsequent American pull-out and abandonment of the South resulted in the Communist takeover of the entire country in 1975.

Le Duan: A Brief Description of a North Vietnamese Leader

Posted in Modern History with tags , , , on April 8, 2010 by Ian Pham


Le Duan

Le Duan was one of the top four leaders in the Vietnamese Communist Party during the Vietnam War.  When Ho Chi Minh died in 1968, Le Duan took over as the head of North Vietnam.  He wasn’t a highly educated man like Vo Nguyen Giap, but Le Duan was highly intelligent.  Some facts suggests that he was the man pulling much of the strings inside the Communist Party.  Further evidence even supports Le Duan surpassing Ho Chi Minh in terms of support within the Party.  With his charismatic character and clever political mind, Le Duan was able to marginalize Ho Chi Minh’s influence.  In the years after the civil war, Le Duan also manages to neutralize general Vo Nguyen Giap and consolidate his power.  He may be a smart politicion, but when it comes to running the country, Le Duan fails in a major way.  When the North takes Saigon in 1975, Le Duan orders for the execution of many Southern soldiers, government officials and professional workers.  He could have utilized the Vietnamese talent to build the country but instead took revenge on individuals who were just doing their job.  Not only that, he destroys the strong economic base that South Vietnam had developed over the course of 20 years, weakening the country significantly.  He also established the “New Economic Zone,” where all the landowners and rich individuals were held after they were stripped of all their belongings.  Le Duan’s treacherous government policies and hardline, Stalinist approach created the suffering of millions of Vietnamese people.  He may be clever politically, but as a head of state Le Duan fall’s significantly short.


Ho Chi Minh, the Villain of Vietnam

Posted in Modern History with tags , , , on March 28, 2010 by Ian Pham


Ho Chi Minh


One of the most “prominent” figures in Vietnamese history has to be Ho Chi Minh.  He is the man who established the Viet Minh group, and later on the Viet Cong.  His reason for creating the Viet Minh was to expel the French colonists from Vietnam, ending their 80 years of occupation.  This seems to be a noble cause and in many ways, it is.  However when one looks at the choices Ho makes in his personal and political life, the evidence paints a different picture.  After all, Ho Chi Minh is the man that brought Communism to Vietnam and under his leadership, millions of Vietnamese lives were lost.  When Ho rises to become the President of North Vietnam, he draws up arms against the democratic South Vietnam and ultimately drags the country into a civil war that lasts for over 20 years.  The ideology that Ho Chi Minh and his Party inflicts upon Vietnam will prove to be severely detrimental to the country, even to this day.  Presently, the Communist Party is still in power, suppressing and cracking down on anyone who doesn’t share the same ideas as the Party itself.  Democratic activists are jailed, religious groups are targetted, and the Communist government is hopelessly corrupted.  The subject of Ho Chi Minh is controversial and extremely complicated, but when one looks at the direction that he leads the country in during his rule, and the disastrous results of the Communist takeover, it is obvious that Ho Chi Minh has done far more harm than good for Vietnam.